Immigrant students in New York City who do not speak English well are being shut out of many of the small new high schools that are the signature educational initiative of the Bloomberg administration, immigrant advocates say in a report released yesterday.
New small schools, many with attractive specialties like art, health sciences and sports careers, have become a magnet for philanthropic dollars and positive national publicity. Yet in the first two years of their existence, city policy allows these schools to deny admission to immigrant students who need help learning English, the report notes.
Instead, the report says, such students are concentrated in nine small International Schools started in the 1980s, or relegated to large and overcrowded schools. If such schools fail and are closed, students who need extra help learning English are mainly transferred to other large schools.
The report, which includes an analysis of city and state education data, surveys of 1,150 parents and students, and information from 126 schools,also points to a dearth of small new schools in Queens, where new immigrants are concentrated and where large schools are particularly overcrowded.
Although the report acknowledges that the students in the International Schools are doing very well, "We want immigrant kids to have the same choices that their classmates have," Chung-Wha Hong, executive director of the New York Immigration Coalition, said yesterday at a news conference with Advocates for Children and the six other organizations involved in the report (including Make the Road by Walking).
Almost 38,000 immigrant students, about 12 percent of the total high school population, are labeled "English Language Learners," or "ELL," when they fail a language proficiency test.
Despite the policy that fledgling schools can exclude such students for the first two years of operation, Andres Alonso, deputy chancellor of teaching and learning at the citys Department of Education, said in an e-mail message that these students "have equivalent access."
He did agree that such students perform better in small schools which have fewer than 500 students than in large ones. For example, the report says that 85.8 percent of the ninth graders in small schools are promoted to 10th grade, compared with only 63.8 percent in all other schools.
"We have increased the number of new small schools with an ELL focus every year, and will continue to do so," Mr. Alonso said.
The report, in condemning the way the city limits access to small schools, echoes a complaint of discrimination that critics of the small school initiative filed in the spring with the United States Education Departments Office of Civil Rights. But unlike those critics, the report accepts and bolsters the administrations claims of success in small schools, which only 18 percent of public high school students attend.
The report also calls for better information about the high school admission process for foreign parents and students.
"Immigrant students feel like the black sheep," Ms. Hong said. "Its a policy problem, its an outreach problem and its a priority problem."
English-language learners arguably have even more to lose or gain in the high school years than their English-speaking peers, the reports authors said at the news conference. Immigrant students who fail to gain English proficiency in high school have some of the worst dropout rates in the city school system: 50.5 percent, compared with 32.4 percent for English-proficient students in the class of 2005 at the end of seven years.
On the other hand, those who succeed in learning English in high school graduate at even higher rates than those who never needed extra language help at all, the same Department of Education statistics show: 74.5 percent compared with 68.3 percent.